LINOCUT


     This method is done in much the same way as the woodcut. The only principal difference is material and easier treatment of the plates. The material takes all types of lines, but is most suited to large designs with contrasting dark and light flat tints. The tools have a variety of forms: straight and rounded edge, double-pointed, as a chisel or a V-shaped chisel, etc. As on a woodcut, the relief parts of the block are inked. For printing a large number of important proofs, the linoleum is attached to a wooden block. Color printing is done with several linoleum blocks. Long disparaged by serious artists as not challenging enough, the linocut came into its own after artists like Picasso and Matisse began to work in that technique.
     Artists have used linoleum, for battleships, which is very different from that placed on the flooring of kitchen today - a solid and flexible material adapted to easily working with a knife or other cutting instrument. Sometimes artists resort to the linoleum for their colored areas at the final process of woodcut because this material is easier and faster to be processed. There are variations of engraving plastics, cardboard, rubber. Combination with other techniques - such as offset.
     The most important linoleum cuts were executed by Picasso, who invented a new "reduction" method.